23 October 2019
Soil nutrient management

A workshop with Mark Measures

21 November 2019
Agroforestry event in Melton Mowbray

A Win Win for Farm productivity and the Environment

28 September 2019
Finding from LIVESEED farmers survey available

What is encouraging or discouraging farmers to use organic seed in the organic supply chains?

27 September 2019
Will Brexit see GM safeguards dead in the ditch?

No place for GM in organic food and farming

21 March 2019
In adversity, what are farmers doing to be more resilient?

Opportunities, barriers and constraints in organic techniques helping to improve the sustainability of conventional farming


Full project title:

Innovative and sustainable intensification of integrated food and non-food systems to develop climate-resilient agro-ecosystems in Europe



Contract period:

1 March 2016 to 31 March 2019

Project webpage:


Main funder:


Contact staff at ORC:

Dr. Jo Smith

Other staff involved:

Sally Westaway, Laurence Smith, Samantha Mullender, Kevin Waldie

Project aims

Integrated food and non-food systems (IFNS) are systems in which trees, crops and livestock components are integrated in different ways at different scales (plot-field-farm) and include traditional and innovative agroforestry. The specific objectives were to:

  • assess resource use efficiency and design innovative and cost-effective IFNS for optimum productivity;
  • develop sustainability metrics to assess agronomic productivity and environmental performance and
  • valorization of the woody components, residual waste and co-products into high value bio-energy carriers and bio-products.

To achieve the objectives, SustainFARM adopted an innovative case-study approach, whereby locally relevant IFNS are already identified, to work in close collaboration with the local end-users of the technology such as farmers, advisory services and policy makers. By involving the end-users and other stakeholders from the start of the project activity, we co-generated technology, relevant at the local scale to address productivity issues and enhance valorisation of the unused, residual and co-products. ORC focused on three case study farms; the traditional hedgerows and innovative silvopastoral systems on Elm Farm, Newbury, the traditional hedgerows and innovative silvoarable systems at Wakelyns Agroforestry, Suffolk, and a trial of ramial chipped wood (RCW) from hedgerows as a soil improver on an organic vegetable farm in Berkshire.

SustainFARM investigated the economic and environmental performance of a range of locally relevant IFNS across several agri-climatic zones of Europe and design innovative IFNS systems, which are resilient and climate-smart. To improve the cost-effectiveness, different means of valorising the residual and co-products (woody components and residual wet olive cake etc.) and for multiple uses (bedding material, compost, bioenergy etc.) was demonstrated at facilities in UK and Italy and the knowledge generated shared through the stakeholder platforms. Value chains and life cycle analysis of the new bio-products (torrified pellets, bio-energy and food supplements etc.) was carried out to assess the environmental footprint of the valorisation processes.

To promote the adoption of IFNS in Europe, SustainFARM communicated and disseminated through stakeholder-oriented media and tools to facilitate knowledge exchange, based on the scientific and practical agronomic knowledge generated in the project and the needs of the various stakeholder groups.

The results are:

  • assessment of locally relevant IFNS;
  • innovative means for maximum value addition of woody components and residual waste and co-products and
  • Sustainability assessment tool for informed decision making by farmers and advisory services.

ORC's role

ORC led work to develop a list of agronomic, environmental and economic indicators to evaluate the sustainability of IFNS. We contributed to the network of IFNS study sites and provided data on the following IFNS systems: a) traditional boundary hedgerows with livestock; b) an innovative alley cropping silvopastoral system with short rotation coppice and livestock; c) traditional boundary hedgerows with arable and vegetable crops and d) an innovative alley cropping silvoarable system with SRC and arable and vegetable crops. In addition, ORC also coordinated the formation of the stakeholder platforms linked to each study site.

Key achievements



ORC hosted a workshop in May 2016 to investigate ways to increase the value and quality of material coming from boundary hedges - for use as a fuel, as well as other uses or products such as compost, livestock bedding and tree fodder. Read the write-up in ORC Bulletin 120 here

A workshop based around the journey from ‘Tree to Heat’ was held at Wakelyns Agroforestry in January 2017. Read reports and see videos here

Current progress highlights

Follow us on Youtube and Flickr

Project leader and partners

  • Co-ordinator: Prof John Porter and Dr Bhim Bahadur Ghaley, University of Copenhagen
  • Department of Geography, Philipps-University Marburg (PUM), Germany
  • Universidad de Cordoba (UCO), Spain
  • University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca (UASVM), Romania
  • National Research Council (CNR), Italy
  • Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB), Poland

Previous relevant work


All sources of funding

FACCE SURPLUS Sustainable and Resilient Agriculture for Food and Non-Food Systems ERA-NET, funded in the UK by Defra.